6 Very Interesting Tips for Your Linux Shell

  5 mins read  

6 Very Interesting Tips for Your Linux Shell

Automating tasks with Shell Script is one of the most useful things a user or programmer should do.

It’s amazing how much time we spend daily doing things that a “robot” can do for us.

And having the environment as we wish is a small step for you, but a big step for your time savings.

We will now know 6 very interesting tips for the Shell that you can use not only on Linux, as the title says, but for any other system.


01. Color cat command output

ccat is the colorizing cat. It works similar to cat but displays content with syntax highlighting. Supported Languages: JavaScript, Java, Ruby, Python, Go, C, JSON and among others.

Installation

wget https://github.com/jingweno/ccat/releases/download/v1.1.0/linux-amd64-1.1.0.tar.gz
tar xfz linux-amd64-1.1.0.tar.gz
cp linux-amd64-1.1.0/ccat /usr/local/bin/
echo "alias cat='/usr/local/bin/ccat'" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc
ccat --html /etc/fstab > ccat.html

Another very interesting alternative is also the bat command, which can be found at this link: https://github.com/sharkdp/bat See an example of output from the bat command:

Bat


02. Customizing Shell history

  • By default, the history command displays only the command order number and the command used. To also display the date of the command’s execution, you can change its behavior only with this line:
echo 'export HISTTIMEFORMAT="%d/%m/%y %T "' >> ~/.bashrc
  • To execute a command from history, just use an ‘exclamation sign’ ! and the command number, example: !480, the shell will execute the corresponding number command.

    Assuming you forgot sudo by running a command that needs it:

$ apt install mysql-client
Permission denied
$ sudo !!
  • Cleaning all history:
cat /dev/null > ~/.bashrc
history -c

For more informations, use:

help history
man 3 strftime
man history

03. Customizing the appearance of your command prompt (PS1 variable)

The first thing you see when you open the terminal is the command prompt, to better understand it, we can say that it is a “bar indicator” of your position in the Shell. Its appearance depends directly on the PS1 variable, which can be configured in the files: ~/.bashrc, .profile or any file that is part of the recursive tree.

You can customize with the colors you want and the information(metacharacters) you want, for example:

  • \u - You enter the username of the shell;
  • \h - You enter the host name;
  • \w - The full path
  • \W - Current directory

For example, run this in your terminal, if you like it add it to your ~/.bashrc

export PS1="\e[32;1m\u \e[33;1m→ \e[36;1m\h \e[37;0m\w\n \e[35;1m⚡\e[m"

04. Coloring the man and making the reading more friendly

The system manual is one of the parts most accessed by Shell, and many people do not like to use it very much, as they find it too technical saying that they cannot understand it well. Copy the command below and paste it at the end of your ~/.bashrc and then open the manual and see the difference

export LESS_TERMCAP_mb=$'\e[1;32m'
export LESS_TERMCAP_md=$'\e[1;32m'
export LESS_TERMCAP_me=$'\e[0m'
export LESS_TERMCAP_se=$'\e[0m'
export LESS_TERMCAP_so=$'\e[01;33m'
export LESS_TERMCAP_ue=$'\e[0m'
export LESS_TERMCAP_us=$'\e[1;4;31m'

05. Look for bugs in your Shell Code with shellcheck

Sometimes when we write our scripts/programs we encounter relevant syntax flaws, but they are still flaws.

For example, using the local declaration directly and already assigning a value to the variable will be identified as an error by ShellSheck. Therefore, you can obtain the fault number that ShellSheck will report and disable, as it is a workable fault:

#!/usr/bin/env bash
# shellcheck disable=2155
function eko(){
  local _param="${1}"
  printf "%s\n" "${_param}"
  return
}

eko "Test information"

The correct syntax without ShellSheck would be to declare the location first and then assign value to the variable _param:

#!/usr/bin/env bash

function eko(){
  local _param
  _param="${1}"
  printf "%s\n" "${_param}"
  return
}

eko "Test information"


06. Get Explanations of Shell Commands

Do you want to know what such a command does? Then copy the LINE of the command and paste it into the search field on the website https://explainshell.com/ and get details about that command (s).


Thanks for reading!

Join our Facebook group